National Parks Checklist & 18 Easy Tips for Visiting US National Parks

US National Parks are more popular than ever. If you're planning to visit one of these treasures, here's a handy National Parks checklist with tips for making the most out of your experience.

Historian Wallace Steiner called America’s national parks “the best idea we ever had. Absolutely American, absolutely democratic, they reflect us at our best rather than our worst.”

Our parks are open to everyone. Can you imagine if places like Joshua Tree or Zion had been sold to developers, or to private parties? Instead, you and I can experience their beauty for ourselves, and they’re preserved for future generations.

The first federally protected land in the United States was in Arkansas. In 1832, President Andrew Jackson signed into law the Hot Springs Reservation in what was then the Arkansas Territory. The area had become increasingly popular and the locals were concerned that it would become overdeveloped.

The next step in our national parks evolution was when President Abraham Lincoln ceded the Yosemite Valley and Mariposa Grove to California in 1864. This prohibited private ownership and answered the question: does the government have the right to create parks?

Yes, yes it does.

The first national park in the United States was also the first national park in the world.

On March 1, 1872, President Ulysses S. Grant signed legislation creating Yellowstone National Park. Because this massive park was in federally governed territory and spread into what would later become three different states, there wasn’t a question about the government’s jurisdiction. Montana didn’t become a state until 1889, and Idaho and Wyoming joined the union the following year. 

Creek in Zion National Park

It would be another eighteen years before the second national park, Sequoia, was created. It was followed quickly by Kings Canyon and Yosemite. 

One of the biggest advocates of protecting the country’s resources was President Theodore Roosevelt. A camping trip with John Muir, who is often considered to be the father of our national parks, greatly influenced the president and Teddy signed the Antiquities Act in 1906, which enabled presidents to use executive orders to create National Monuments.

Devils Tower National Monument in the northeast corner of Wyoming was the first.

Devils Tower Wyoming

Then, on August 25, 1916, President Woodrow Wilson signed the Organic Act, creating the National Park Service.

In 1933, another President Roosevelt got in the act when FDR signed Executive Order 33, which moved the administration of National Monuments and military sites to the NPS, and finally, in 1970 the General Authorities Act further defined the National Park Service, creating the system we know today.

National Park Service Today

  • 423 Individual Sites
  • 63 National Parks
  • 85 National Monuments
  • 76 National Historic Sites

There are also National Battlefields, Wild and Scenic Rivers, and several other types of natural and cultural sites that are protected and preserved under the umbrella of the National Park Service.

Tips for Visiting US National Parks

  1. Know when to visit US National Parks
Snow in Bryce Canyon

As you’re planning your National Parks adventure, check for the best times to visit the specific parks you’re thinking of. This is often dependent on the weather.

For example, parts of Bryce Canyon National Park and Mesa Verde National Park are closed during the winter due to their altitude. If you plan on visiting Glacier National Park, Going-to-the-Sun Road is only open during the summer.

  1. Plan ahead: book National Park reservations in advance
Tourists sticking their heads out of the Red Jammer Bus to see the Going-to-the-Sun Road in Glacier National Park

Once you’ve figured when you’d like to visit one of America’s National Parks, book your reservations for camping, accommodations, and tours ASAP.

Outdoor adventures are more popular than ever and all of the above fill up quickly. The most popular parks are booked far in advance.

  1. Be aware of potential closures

Due to the ongoing health crisis, many facilities and US National Park Service sites are closed or have limited hours. Call ahead or check to find out if the activities you want to do will be available.

If you’ve planned far in advance, check periodically as your travel dates grow near. We’re in a fluid situation and things can change quickly.

  1. Consider your tolerance for crowds

You’ll also want to take your crowd-tolerance level into consideration. The last thing you want is to sit in a traffic jam in a National Park, but that happens when you visit the most popular parks during the most popular times. Consider going during shoulder seasons, the weeks before and after the busiest times.

Related: 50 Tips for Planning an Amazing Road Trip

  1. Stay in the National Park
Camping in Yellowstone National Park
Our beloved Coleman instant tent set up in Yellowstone National Park

If the park you plan to visit has accommodations within the park and/or campgrounds, stay there. Being inside the park itself means less time driving to and fro. It also means that you can get to the most popular parts of the park before the tour busses and masses of humanity arrive.

  1. Visit lesser-known parks and areas of popular parks
Neon green moss on the tree hanging over Crater Lake
Neon green moss on the tree hanging over Crater Lake

Even National Parks have tourist traps. For example, in Yellowstone, everybody wants to see Old Faithful. Old Faithful is great (and much easier to see if you stay in the park itself – see tip #5), but if you have limited time, you don’t want to spend it sitting in a backup of vehicles trying to get to the predictable geyser.

If that’s a bucket list item for you, by all means, see it! But if you want to experience more and spend less time in a car, then visit other, less well-known parts of the park.

  1. Visit the National Park Visitor Centers
Visit Ben Reifel Visitor Center when you go to Badlands National Park. It's an essential way to start your visit and can help you with your National Park checklist.

One of my biggest pieces of travel advice is to visit the Visitor Center. This isn’t just true when you’re visiting cities and towns. It’s true when you go to National Parks, too.

Each Visitor Center will have rangers on hand to give you all the advice you want, including how to find those lesser-known areas that don’t get as much love as they deserve.

While you’re there, pick up a park map and, if available, a park newspaper. The former will come in handy when you have no cell service. The latter is a goldmine of information about the park, including weather, potential warnings about animals, special programming, and other tips for visiting.

TLTip: If you’re in a larger park with lots of hiking, you can often get maps for the individual trails at the Visitor Center.

  1. Take advantage of special National Park Ranger Programs
Park Ranger demonstrating how to use an atlatl at Badlands National Park
Park Ranger demonstrating how to use an atlatl at Badlands National Park

National Park Service Sites often have special programs hosted by park rangers. In Glacier, we learned about the park’s geology. In Badlands, a ranger taught us how to throw an atlatl. Devils Tower featured an insight into the National Monument’s sacred status among the Lakota and other Native Americans.

  1. Leave wildlife wild
Bison at Wichita Mountains National Wildlife Refuge in Western Oklahoma

When you’re visiting US National Parks and you come across wildlife, remember that you’re in their home. Keep your distance and never ever ever feed them. Don’t try to pet them. Don’t try to get near them.

Basically, you want their existence to be as minimally impacted by your presence as possible.

  1. Leave no trace
Great Sand Dunes National Park, with dunes in the foreground and mountains in the background.

The wonderful thing about US National Parks is that they’re meant for everyone. That means that when you visit, you’ll want to leave it the way you found it. The National Park Service abides by the Leave No Trace Seven Principles, and they ask that you do, too: 

  • Plan Ahead and Prepare
  • Travel and Camp on Durable Surfaces
  • Dispose of Waste Properly
  • Leave What You Find
  • Minimize Campfire Impacts
  • Respect Wildlife
  • Be Considerate of Other Visitors

© 1999 by the Leave No Trace Center for Outdoor Ethics:

  1. Get an America the Beautiful Pass

An America the Beautiful Pass gets you into all NPS fee-based sites for $80 a year. If you’re 62 or older, you can get it for $20 a year, or spend $80 for a lifetime pass.

  1. Record your visits with a National Parks Passport

Want a reminder of your National Park visits? Get a National Parks Passport. Bring it with you to NPS sites and you can get it stamped, just like a real passport. There’s also a map and information on the parks. Plus your purchase helps fund these national treasures. Visit for details and to get yours.

  1. Use to book reservations
Camping at Joshua Tree National Park is the official website and app for making reservations in US National Park Service sites. You can find campgrounds and lodging, tours and activities, sign up for lotteries, and find information on what permits are required near you.

Related: Best campgrounds in the Midwest

  1. Fill your gas tank

Many parks are huge and gas can be hard to find. Use GasBuddy to locate stations and prices.

Related: How to use GasBuddy to save on gas

  1. Check pet rules

Want to bring your furry friend? Find out in advance if dogs are allowed on trails, etc., in the park.

  1. Bring food and water

Some parks have general stores, but you don’t want to count on them, especially if you’re visiting during off- or shoulder seasons. Instead, bring your own. You’ll definitely want to bring lots of water if you plan on being outside or doing any hiking, biking, kayaking, or other physical activity.

Related: Check out these 46 Road Trip Essentials

  1. Take LOTS of photos and video
Mesa Verde National Park Spruce Tree House

You’ll want to remember your experience (and probably show it off to friends when you get back home). Document your trip by taking lots of photos and videos. And then…

  1. Put down your phone

It’s great to record your trip, but then put your phone down. Be sure to soak it all in with your eyes as well as your camera lens.

I hope these tips help you get the most out of this incredible resource. Scroll down to sign up below for a free download of these tips, a National Parks packing list, and a National Park checklist.

National Parks Packing List

Jeannie the Jeep on Beartooth Highway
Jeannie the Jeep was STUFFED for our National Parks road trip

These items will help make your National Parks experience a success!

  • Snacks/energy bars
  • Water bottle/camelback
  • Binoculars
  • Trekking poles
  • Day pack for hikes
  • Hat
  • Sunglasses
  • Poncho
  • Sunscreen
  • Bear spray (depending on park)
  • Bug spray
  • Park map
  • Install GasBuddy
  • Install
  • Two-way radios
  • Back up phone chargers
  • Basic first aid kit
  • A Flexible Attitude!

Simple List of National Parks Checklist

US National Parks are more popular than ever. If you're planning to visit one of these treasures, here's a handy National Parks checklist with tips for making the most out of your experience.

Here’s an alphabetical simple list of National Parks and you can sign up here to get a free printable list of National Parks.

  1. Acadia National Park, Maine
  2. American Samoa National Park
  3. Arches National Park, Utah
  4. Badlands National Park, South Dakota
  5. Big Bend National Park, Texas
  6. Biscayne National Park, Florida
  7. Black Canyon of the Gunnison National Park, Colorado
  8. Bryce Canyon National Park, Utah
  9. Canyonlands National Park, Utah
  10. Capitol Reef National Park, Utah
  11. Carlsbad Caverns National Park, New Mexico
  12. Channel Islands National Park, California
  13. Congaree National Park, South Carolina
  14. Crater Lake National Park, Oregon
  15. Cuyahoga Valley National Park, Ohio
  16. Death Valley National Park, California
  17. Denali National Park, Alaska
  18. Dry Tortugas National Park, Florida
  19. Everglades National Park, Florida
  20. Gates of the Arctic National Park, Alaska
  21. Gateway Arch National Park, Missouri
  22. Glacier National Park, Montana
  23. Glacier Bay National Park, Alaska
  24. Grand Canyon National Park, Arizona
  25. Grand Teton National Park, Wyoming
  26. Great Basin National Park, Nevada
  27. Great Sand Dunes, Colorado
  28. Great Smoky Mountains National Park, Tennessee
  29. Guadalupe Mountains National Park, Texas
  30. Haleakala National Park, Hawaii
  31. Hawai’i Volcanoes National Park, Hawaii
  32. Hot Springs National Park, Arkansas
  33. Indiana Dunes National Park, Indiana
  34. Isle Royale National Park, Michigan
  35. Joshua Tree National Park, California
  36. Katmai National Park, Alaska
  37. Kenai Fjords National Park, Alaska
  38. Kings Canyon National Park, California
  39. Kobuk Valley National Park, Alaska
  40. Lake Clark National Park, Alaska
  41. Lassen Volcanic National Park, California
  42. Mammoth Cave National Park, Kentucky
  43. Mesa Verde National Park, Colorado
  44. Mount Rainier National Park, Washington
  45. New River Gorge National Park, West Virginia
  46. North Cascades National Park, Washington
  47. Olympic National Park, Washington
  48. Petrified Forest National Park, Arizona
  49. Pinnacles National Park, California
  50. Redwood National Park, California
  51. Rocky Mountain National Park, Colorado
  52. Saguaro National Park, Arizona
  53. Sequoia National Park, California
  54. Shenandoah National Park, Virginia
  55. Theodore Roosevelt National Park, North Dakota
  56. Virgin Islands National Park, US Virgin Islands
  57. Voyageurs National Park, Minnesota
  58. White Sands National Park, New Mexico
  59. Wind Cave National Park, South Dakota
  60. Wrangell – St. Elias National Park, Alaska
  61. Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming
  62. Yosemite National Park, California
  63. Zion National Park, Utah

How many of these National Parks have you visited? Let me know in the comments!